Military Reaction Force

Jean Smyth-Campbell - British Supreme Court

British Supreme Court Considers PSNI’s Lack of Independence

The British Supreme Court in London is considering whether the Police Service of Northern Ireland is “sufficiently independent to investigate and/or review investigations” into conflict-related killings in the North of Ireland. In a hugely significant case, the British Supreme Court will consider whether the Legacy Investigations Branch of the Police Service Northern Ireland (PSNI) is …

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Ranger Hammond

Smoke and Mirrors: The Mysterious Case of Ranger Hammond

In a world of smoke and mirrors, the case of Ranger Hammond is still hazy to this day. The British state kept it deliberately so, although new documents we publish here will help to set the record straight – especially for Ranger Hammond. After the damaging loss of its Four Square Laundry intelligence-gathering operation (never …

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MRF - Freds Kevin McKee and Seamus Wright, and Sapper Ted Stuart

Secret British MoD Files Record MRF’s Failure to Protect Freds

Archive Release: Secret British Ministry of Defence files records the failure of the Military Reaction Force to protect its Freds. Secret British Ministry of Defence (MoD) files discovered by the charity, Paper Trail, document the British state’s failure to protect its own soldiers and agents (or “Freds”) in its covert, extra-legal military unit, the Military …

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General Sir Frank Kitson and the Military Reaction Force

New Evidence: The Shooters and Freds of Britain’s Military Reaction Force

Join the discussion on the Shooters and Freds of Britain’s Military Reaction Force via Virtual Féile 2020. Tomorrow (Friday 31st July) at 1pm, Virtual Féile an Phobail 2020 is hosting author and Paper Trail project manager, Ciarán MacAirt, who will be releasing his latest British military archive discoveries relating to Britain’s Military Reaction Force, a …

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Kitson and the Military Reaction Force

Britain’s Military Reaction Force and Operation Everson

Paper Trail has linked Britain’s Military Reaction Force (MRF) to multiple murders and attempted murders of civilians in Belfast in 1972. Secret British military documents prove that the MRF was indeed guilty of a catalogue of murders and attempted murders of unarmed civilians – including teenagers – in Belfast between May and September 1972. The …

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Paper Trail splash image of archives

Black and Tans: A Historical Brief for a British Minister in 1972

In May 1972, the British Minister of State for Northern Ireland requested a short note on the origins of the Black and Tans and the B Specials. Lord Windlesham requested the historical brief regarding the Black and Tans and B Specials “at a time when the Royal Ulster Constabulary is under strength and there is …

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McGurk's Bar featured image

Where Was MRF When McGurk’s Bar Was Bombed?

For over 10 years, the families have asked police investigators where was the British Army’s death-squad, MRF, when McGurk’s Bar was bombed. Every investigation by the police and Police Ombudsman’s Office in the 46 years since the atrocity, which claimed the lives of 15 civilians, have failed to even prove the existence of the Miltary Reaction …

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